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How Much Does a Phlebotomist Make? 

Your salary as a phlebotomist can vary depending on where you live, where you work, the certification you earn, and more.

phlebotomist preparing to draw blood from patient
Home » Phlebotomist » Salary

Phlebotomy is a vital healthcare role you can break into without years of schooling. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), phlebotomists made a median salary of $36,320 in 2020.

Phlebotomists

National data

Median Salary: $36,320

Bottom 10%: $26,690

Top 10%: $50,740

Projected job growth: 22.2%

State data

State Median Salary Bottom 10% Top 10%
Alabama $31,810 $22,910 $41,700
Alaska $40,690 $33,750 $57,770
Arizona $34,960 $27,240 $43,270
Arkansas $30,500 $22,920 $40,330
California $45,970 $34,390 $64,110
Colorado $37,220 $28,890 $49,110
Connecticut $40,220 $32,940 $51,730
Delaware $39,590 $29,780 $52,920
District of Columbia $44,280 $35,140 $52,540
Florida $33,870 $26,500 $45,230
Georgia $34,020 $22,490 $43,750
Idaho $32,460 $26,350 $41,760
Illinois $35,660 $25,510 $49,630
Indiana $33,530 $24,910 $48,220
Iowa $31,210 $26,080 $41,390
Kansas $33,420 $24,120 $45,990
Kentucky $31,270 $24,000 $41,490
Louisiana $29,650 $22,510 $40,240
Maine $31,730 $26,530 $40,000
Maryland $39,630 $30,260 $51,490
Massachusetts $40,790 $33,100 $52,610
Michigan $34,490 $27,170 $41,700
Minnesota $39,180 $30,300 $51,970
Mississippi $29,670 $21,720 $41,060
Missouri $30,870 $22,640 $41,520
Montana $31,510 $25,180 $46,920
Nebraska $32,040 $26,890 $40,200
Nevada $36,160 $28,240 $49,000
New Hampshire $38,530 $29,990 $51,350
New Jersey $38,360 $29,300 $51,150
New Mexico $32,250 $25,890 $44,950
New York $43,370 $31,230 $61,250
North Carolina $34,780 $26,540 $42,030
North Dakota $34,600 $27,160 $50,750
Ohio $34,630 $26,590 $46,520
Oklahoma $30,070 $22,650 $40,850
Oregon $39,360 $32,130 $52,170
Pennsylvania $37,510 $28,220 $49,790
Rhode Island $39,600 $28,840 $52,190
South Carolina $32,940 $25,550 $41,430
South Dakota $28,650 $22,590 $36,960
Tennessee $31,350 $23,200 $41,540
Texas $34,910 $26,250 $45,660
Utah $32,260 $26,700 $41,850
Vermont $34,350 $27,100 $46,190
Virginia $36,810 $25,690 $50,130
Washington $40,770 $33,240 $55,450
West Virginia $30,920 $23,440 $45,560
Wisconsin $36,660 $29,060 $46,340
Wyoming $31,650 $26,070 $41,070

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) 2020 median salary; projected job growth through 2030. Actual salaries vary depending on location, level of education, years of experience, work environment, and other factors. Salaries may differ even more for those who are self-employed or work part time.

Phlebotomists can also count on job security if they remain in the field. There’s a need for trained phlebotomists in medical facilities all over the country. In fact, the BLS is predicting a staggering 22% increase in phlebotomist roles through 2030.

D’Vaughn House, a phlebotomist, medical assistant, and research coordinator at the University of Cincinnati’s Infectious Diseases Research Unit, says that growth isn’t surprising. He says that healthcare would be unable to function without medical labs and the phlebotomists who collect specimens for them.

“In the healthcare system, doctors typically cannot diagnose a major illness without testing because insurance companies use medical labs to know how to make fact-based decisions,” House says. “The only way to do that is through collecting biological specimens. At all levels of health, medical labs serve as the most reliable fact-checking mechanism.” You can usually complete your education in less than a year, depending on how quickly you choose to move through a program. Read on to learn about the salary you might see when you finish your training program, and how your location, certifications, and experience can impact it.

Highest-Paying Cities for Phlebotomists

Where you live can make a major impact on the salary you earn as a phlebotomist. California is a top spot for high-paying phlebotomy jobs. In fact, all 10 of the highest-paying cities for phlebotomists are in the state. However, there are also high-paying pockets along the East Coast. Phlebotomists in New York City, Boston, and their surrounding suburban areas earn average salaries of over $40,000, according to the BLS.

City or Metro AreaAverage Phlebotomist Salary
Redding, California$52,770
San Diego, California$51,920
Santa Rosa, California$51,620
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, California$51,070
San Jose, California$50,710
Vallejo-Fairfield, California$50,650
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, California$50,580
San Francisco, California$50,250
Stockton-Lodi, California$48,400

Factors that Impact Salary

Average salaries aren’t necessarily the number you’ll see on your contract. Your salary as a phlebotomist will depend on multiple factors. As is true in many careers, advancing your education, earning a professional certification, and gaining more experience can boost your salary. Your location and workplace can also make a big difference.

Overtime


Your flexibility and approach to work might also raise your paycheck. Overtime is regularly offered to phlebotomists, explains House, and since federal law requires that overtime hours are always paid at a rate of at least 1.5 times your normal rate, working overtime can add a significant amount to your take-home pay. Phlebotomists who can travel and visit medical offices that might not have phlebotomists on staff are in high demand as well and can earn additional compensation, House says.

“Phlebotomists are often needed in multiple areas at one time,” he explains. “Nearly all medical offices have labs, so (there is a need for) phlebotomists with a driver’s license who can remain flexible. These phlebotomists routinely travel when work is slow at their own clinic.”

Geography


Overall, phlebotomists enjoy the highest average salaries in California. However, other high-paying areas are located throughout the country. For instance, in New York, Alaska, and Washington, phlebotomists see median wages over $40,000.

Experience


Experience can help you increase your salary. You might be able to gain leadership positions or apply for roles with employers that offer higher wages. Plus, your experience could help you gain certification or advance your education.

Certification


There are several certification options for phlebotomists. They might not necessarily be mandated by your employer or your state, but they can be a great way to demonstrate your knowledge and skill in phlebotomy.

A certification can help advance your career and raise your salary. Plus, some certifications allow you to broaden your scope of practice and take on more daily tasks. Adding tasks to your job can also add to your paycheck.

Workplace


Your workplace can also influence your salary. For instance, the BLS reports that phlebotomists who work in outpatient care centers earn a median salary of $43,920 while phlebotomists who work in the offices of physicians earn $36,490. Other workplaces that pay salaries over $40,00 include:

  • Management companies
  • Management, technical, and scientific services
  • Insurance companies
  • Colleges and universities

What’s the Demand for Phlebotomists?

Phlebotomists are in high demand says the BLS. They’re needed to fill roles in medical centers, hospitals, and other healthcare workplaces throughout the country. Of course, demand can vary depending on the healthcare needs of your state. States with large populations such as California and Florida employ large numbers of phlebotomists. Conversely, less populated states such as Wyoming and South Dakota have a lower demand.

States with the Highest Level of Employment

StateNumber of Phlebotomists
California12,590
Texas11,260
Florida7,270
Pennsylvania6,120
Ohio5,920

States with the Lowest Level of Employment

StateNumber of Phlebotomists
Wyoming190
Vermont220
Alaska240
South Dakota380
Maine420

Phlebotomist Pay vs Similar Healthcare Roles

Phlebotomists earn salaries that are similar to those of other allied health roles that require about the same amount of education and training. On average, you’ll earn about as much in this role as you would as a medical assistant or veterinary technician. Medical lab technicians, who perform specialized diagnostic tests on the lab work collected by phlebotomists, earn slightly higher salaries.

Healthcare RoleAnnual Median Salary
Medical Lab Technician$54,180
Phlebotomist$36,320
Veterinary Technician$36,260
Medical Assistant$35,850
stephanie behring

Written and reported by:
Stephanie Behring
Contributing Writer

dvaughn house

With professional insight from:
D’Vaughn House
Phlebotomist, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Division of Infectious Diseases