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Medical Office Manager Responsibilities and Duties

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Home » Specialties » Medical Office Manager

Medical Office Manager At a Glance

  • What you’ll do: Medical Office Managers take on behind-the-scenes responsibilities so that doctors and clinical staff can focus on patient care.
  • Where you’ll work: Doctors’ offices, hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare facilities
  • Degree you’ll need: Associate or Bachelor’s
  • Average annual salary: $61,370

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When you think of who works at a doctor’s office, you generally think of professionals who provide care, such as doctors, nurses, or medical assistants. You may not have considered the person who keeps the office running smoothly while care is provided, but it’s actually an important role.

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After all, someone needs to keep things organized and handle the operational details so that doctors and other clinical staff can focus on patient care. The person responsible for all this, and more, is a medical office manager.

Medical office managers take on many responsibilities behind the scenes at doctor’s offices, hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare facilities. It’s a great position for people with organizational and leadership skills who are looking to take on a middle management-type role in the growing healthcare field. You’ll generally need a bachelor’s degree for a medical office management role. Some hold just an associate degree, however, while others choose to earn a master’s.

How to Become a Medical Office Manager

Medical office managers take on a lot of responsibilities. This is a management role that requires expertise and leadership. That’s why you’ll generally need a degree to get a position in the field. The most common route for medical office managers is a bachelor’s degree, but that’s not the only option.

One unique thing to know is that, unlike most medical roles, your degree doesn’t need to be in healthcare to work as a medical office manager. You can often hold this job with a degree in business administration. However, degrees in healthcare administration are available and might help you advance your career.

Minimum Education Requirements

There are no set minimum education requirements for medical office managers. However, formal education is nearly always required by employers. Aspiring medical office managers have a few options for earning a degree.

  • Associate of Business Administration or Healthcare Administration
  • Bachelor’s in Business Administration, Healthcare Management, or Healthcare Administration
  • Master of Business Administration, Healthcare Management, or Healthcare Administration

A bachelor’s degree is generally the best option for this career. It will give you the education you need to take on the challenges of the job. While you can earn an associate, you might have trouble landing roles, especially if you don’t already have healthcare experience. A master’s is also an option, but many people with a master’s choose to advance further into healthcare leadership and seek roles in the healthcare administration field instead.

“A bachelor’s degree and coding experience are preferred,” DeNeal says. “A medical office manager needs a solid understanding of what it means to run a medical office from the front to the back.”

What’s the Difference? Medical Office Manager vs Medical Administrative Assistant

Medical office managers and medical administrative assistants both work to make sure medical offices and other healthcare practices run smoothly, but there are several differences in the roles.

One major difference? Medical office managers often supervise medical administrative assistants. Check out the chart below for differences.

Medical Office ManagersMedical Administrative Assistants
Management Duties:Oversee and manage staffDon’t manage other staff
Education Required:Often have a bachelor’s degreeOften have a certificate or diploma
Office Environment:Work behind the scenesServe as the “face” of a medical office
Financial Duties:Manage operations and budgetHandle scheduling and billing
Data and Record Keeping:Ensure facilities are keeping up with regulations and lawsEnsure charts and patient data are organized
Professional Communication Duties:Conduct interviews and hire staffAnswer phones and greet patients
Customer Service Requirements:Create new customer service policiesProvide customer service

How Long Does It Take?

The amount of time it takes you to complete your education will depend on the degree path you take. It will also depend on the credits you transfer in, whether you attend school full or part time, and the school you choose. Typical times for each degree are:

Associate Degree: 2 years

Bachelor’s Degree: 4 years

Master’s Degree: 2-3 years in addition to the years spent earning your bachelor’s

Do I Need a License or Certificate?

There are no licensing or certification requirements for medical office managers. However, you can earn the optional Certified Medical Manager (CMM) credential offered by the Professional Association of Health Care Office Management (PAHCOM).

While you don’t have to get the CMM credential to work as medical office manager, it’s a good idea. It shows employers you’re a dedicated professional and can make you stand out among other applicants.

You’ll need to have worked for at least two years as a medical office manager and to have completed at least 12 college-level credits in business or healthcare administration to be eligible for this credential. You can reduce the number of college credits you need with additional work experience. Each year of work experience takes the credit requirement down by one. So, if you had 14 or more years of experience as a medical office manager, you wouldn’t need any college credits to be eligible.

What Do Medical Office Managers Do?

Medical office managers are entrusted with a wide variety of tasks and responsibilities. Your exact tasks will depend on your employer, but many medical office managers are responsible for:

  • Supervising other non-clinical office staff, including receptionists, schedulers, billers, coders, and administrative assistants
  • Ensuring all data, billing information, and other records are accurate and appropriately filed
  • Interviewing, hiring, and training non-clinical office staff
  • Scheduling non-clinical staff
  • Overseeing day-to-day operations of the facility
  • Overseeing customer service
  • Developing and implementing new policies and procedures
  • Ensuring HIPAA, OSHA, and other regulations are being followed
  • Monitoring the budget
  • Ordering supplies and managing inventory
  • Overseeing and helping to facilitate conversations among doctors, nurses, and non-clinical staff
  • Ensuring cleaning and maintenance staff perform scheduled services

Medical office managers also handle problems as they arise. This might mean responding to a patient’s complaint, solving a dispute between two staff members, or calling the electric company if there’s a power outage. You’ll need to be flexible and prepared to think fast in this role.

Working as a medical office manager means shouldering a lot of responsibility for the overall patient experience, says Elisha B. DeNeal, president of the Association for Healthcare Administrative Professionals (AHCAP) and current manager of executive and administrative support for Mary Washington Healthcare in Fredricksburg, Virginia.

“Medical office managers must own every aspect of the operation,” DeNeal says. “If a patient has a bad experience, it eventually comes back to (the medical office manager.) The day-to-day operations must be managed effectively and efficiently.”

Where Do They Work?

While most medical office managers work in private doctors’ offices and healthcare practices, there are many other places where they’re employed. Other opportunities include:

  • Dental offices
  • Hospitals
  • Insurance companies
  • Community clinics
  • Rehabilitation facilities
  • Skilled nursing facilities
  • Outpatient surgical centers
  • Imaging centers
  • Medical labs

Will I Interact with Patients?

Working as a medical office manager is a behind-the-scenes role that involves interactions with staff more than patients. However, there are times when a medical office manager’s job might include patient contact.

For example, a medical office manager might intervene to help work with a patient who is upset with office staff. They might also call patients about complaints that arise. Plus, medical office managers must be ready to step into any role that needs to be filled that day. That might mean working the front desk, answering phones, or even taking a patient’s vital signs if needed.

“Medical office managers are often responsible for scheduling patients and rooming patients, which includes taking patients’ vitals and medical history prior to being seen,” explains DeNeal. “They can be found running the front desk at times and serving as a jack of all trades. Wherever there is a need, the medical office manager fills it, as long as it is within their scope.”

You’ll likely receive training to help you step into other roles as needed. You won’t be as hands-on with patients as a doctor, nurse, or medical assistant, but you will need to be prepared to do a little bit of everything to succeed in this role. That includes patient interaction.


The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) doesn’t track data for medical office managers specifically, but it does class them under “first-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers,” who earned a median annual salary of $61,370 in 2022. Your exact salary as a medical office manager will depend on your employer, level of education, years of experience, and more.

Career Outlook

Healthcare careers are expected to see huge growth over the next decade. As the baby boomer generation ages, people will need healthcare more than ever before. In fact, the BLS projects an increase of 13% for all healthcare jobs through 2032.

Medical office managers will be part of this growth. They’ll have an important role to play as healthcare shifts and changes over the next few years.

“The need for more medical office managers is growing due to many practices transitioning from private ownership to becoming part of a health system,” DeNeal explains.

So if you’re looking to start a medical career with a lot of growth potential, now might be a great time to jump into medical office management.

Professional Resources

Medical office managers can join professional organizations to help them stay on top of news and events in the field. These organizations are a great way to find mentors, make connections, learn about conferences, develop new skills, and more. Some great organizations include:

stephanie behring

Written and reported by:
Stephanie Behring
Contributing writer

elisha deneal

With professional insight from:
Elisha B. DeNeal
President, Association for Healthcare Administrative Professionals (AHCAP)