Learn How You Can Work as a Dietitian or Nutritionist

Dietitians and nutritionists counsel others on proper eating habits to help promote overall health and prevent chronic illnesses.

dietitian working with client

The Basics

What you'll do: Participate in menu planning and overseeing the preparation of food. Educate groups such as senior citizens, pregnant women and diabetics about which types of food to eat and which foods to avoid. You may also study nutrition for food companies and test new food products and equipment. You’ll have opportunities to work in diet therapy, nutrition research and counseling.

Where you'll work: Hospitals, nursing care facilities, public health clinics, home health agencies, gyms, cafeterias, food manufacturers, private practice

Degree you'll need: Bachelor's degree

Median annual salary: $55,240*



Educational Requirements

Dietitians are experts in nutrition science. You’ll need a bachelor’s degree in nutrition, or a closely related field, to get started in your career.

Your best bet is to earn a degree from a program accredited by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Some of these programs are combined bachelor's/master's tracks, which provide both classroom and on-the-job training.


Your coursework will cover:

  • Economics
  • Statistics
  • Bacteriology
  • Physiology
  • Home economics
  • Management theory
  • Business administration
  • Sociology
  • Data processing


Nutrition Degree


A nutrition degree is your first step toward becoming a dietitian or nutritionist. You'll need at least a bachelor's degree, but advanced degrees are common in this field.

If your career objectives include nutrition counseling, which is defined as assessing a client's needs, setting nutrition goals and offering advice, find out what your state's degree and licensing requirements are. According to the Center for Nutrition Advocacy, some jurisdictions only permit registered dietitians (RD) to perform this role.


Bachelor's Degree

There are different types of undergraduate nutrition degrees; some programs focus on wellness, culinary arts or nutrition science. Most bachelor's degrees in nutrition also have a hands-on component where students work in a real-life setting under the supervision of a nutritionist or dietitian.

If you're interested in becoming a registered dietitian, look for a Didactic Program in Dietetics (DPD). This format will prepare you for a required dietetics internship and results in a bachelor's degree in nutrition.

Accreditation is an important factor in your school search. RD coursework should be approved by the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics (ACEND).


Master's Degree 

Master's degrees in nutrition are set up in a similar way as their undergraduate counterparts.

Your career goals will determine which type of master's degree works best for you.

Master of Science in Nutrition (MS):
This type of two-year program often prepares students to work in research, public policy and advocacy. Depending on the program's focus, you might also learn how to counsel different populations or work in holistic nutrition and wellness.

Master of Science in Nutrition/Didactic Program in Dietetics:
These programs allow students to earn an MS while also gaining the skills to apply for a dietetic internship. Students will gain advanced knowledge in biology and medical sciences as well as hone their critical thinking and research skills. There are eight accredited programs in the U.S. currently.

Online Nutrition Degrees

Earning a nutrition degree online is now a viable option. Several programs—bachelor's and master's—are designed for working adults who don't have time to make it to campus.

Take note: There are currently three BS didactic programs in dietetics accredited by ACEND.

However, if you're interested in a master's in nutrition degree, you'll have more options. These programs teach the same curriculum as their on-campus counterparts and you may have the option of choosing a specialization, such as eating disorders or fitness.

Nutrition programs typically offer the same required course no matter which school you attend, so it's important to review electives. Do the courses align with your interests and career goals?


What Can You Expect In a Holistic Nutrition Degree Program

More people are taking an interest in whole and organic foods. Here's an example of what you can expect in a holistic nutrition program.

  • Two quarters of patient counseling in a clinic (supervised)
  • Food science and whole foods cooking
  • Volunteer hours in community dietetics and food service
  • Clinic shift observations
  • Time spent as student clinicians



Licensing and Certification

Most states require licensure or certification for practicing dietitians. The Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR) offers national certification and testing which earns dietitians the title Registered Dietitian (RD).

In order to work a registered dietitian, you must meet the following criteria:


  • Complete a bachelor's degree at a school accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Dietetics Education (CADE)
  • Complete six to 12 months of work in a CADE-accredited practice program
  • Pass the CDR test
  • Maintain certification through continuing education

While nutritionists have fewer educational requirements and job responsibilities than dietitians, some states do have nutritionist certification and licensing requirements. So before you enroll in a nutrition program, find out about the requirements in your state.

Sources:  U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014-15 Occupational Outlook Handbook; Dietitians and Nutritionists.

*The salary information listed is based on a national average, unless noted. Actual salaries may vary greatly based on specialization within the field, location, years of experience and a variety of other factors. National long-term projections of employment growth may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions, and do not guarantee actual job growth.



Hot Jobs in Nutrition and Health


Earning a nutrition degree can open more opportunities than you might expect. Your primary goal is to promote healthy eating, but you can do this in a variety of ways. As more people realize the benefits of treating their body well, you may notice a variety of hot jobs in nutrition and health cropping up.


Nutrition experts are a sought-after bunch in the media. From providing insight on a major television network to authoring a column in a women's magazine, nutritionists and dietitians can spread the word about healthy eating one media outlet at a time.


Food Safety

Chefs may develop their menus in a restaurant setting, but registered dietitians can offer their expertise when it comes to food safety. An RD's understanding of food allergens, foodborne illnesses and other safety precautions can be useful in employee training. Some RDs become ServSafe-certified by the National Restaurant Association. With this credential, you'll be qualified to teach restaurant workers about food sanitation and proper practices.


Menu Development

Another restaurant-centric career path for RDs is menu development. As consumers adopt various diet styles—vegan, gluten-free, organic, to name a few—a menu catering to these needs can be important to a restaurant's bottom line.

RDs can review menu items to determine which items fit certain criteria. In some cases, an RD may help a restaurant chef develop new recipes.



Many colleges and universities hire registered dietitians. Your classroom could be filled not just with aspiring RDs, but also nurses and physician's assistants.

If none of these settings appeal to you, don't worry. Plenty of nutritionists and dietitians run their own practice or work as part of a larger health care team. If you want to specialize in a certain area of nutrition, you're in luck. Here are a few options.

  • Sports nutrition
  • Public health nutrition
  • Pediatric nutrition



Nutritionist Salaries

Nutritionist salaries differ, but the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Outlook Handbook 2014-15 edition lists the median annual wage for dietitians and nutritionists as $55,240 as of May 2012. Salaries range, however.

10th percentile: $34,500

90th percentile: $77,590

The median annual wage for registered dietitians in 2013 was $60,000.


Nutritionist Salaries Compared


If you're wavering between a nutritionist career and another health care profession, consider these salary comparisons.




Day in the Life of a Dietitian

A day in the life of a dietitian depends on the type of career path you've chosen. An average day for a nutritionist working with the media will differ quite a bit from an RD who works in the restaurant business.

RDs who work in the food service industry may consult with multiple restaurant clients in a day. You might spend some days evaluating a new menu and other days teaching employees about foodborne illnesses.

According to the BLS, about 31 percent of dietitians and nutritionists work in in hospitals. Here's a look at what an average day can entail.

Don't forget:
If you plan to run your own business, you'll have to be knowledgeable about more than just nutrition. Running a business requires administrative tasks, such as bookkeeping and medical billing. Another aspect of the job, especially in the beginning, is marketing. Getting the word out is crucial to a thriving business. As time goes on, you'll ideally build a strong reputation in your community and receive word-of-mouth referrals.

Some RDs and nutritionists delegate business responsibilities to other employees so they can focus their attention on growing the company.

Ready to get started? You're already one step closer to helping others live fuller, healthier lives.